Open access is "the practice of providing on-line access to scientific information that is free of charge". In the context of R&D, open access typically focuses on access to 'scientific information', which refers to two main categories:
- Peer-reviewed scientific research articles (published in academic journals);
- Scientific research data (data underlying publications and/or raw data).
There are 2 available routes:
1/ GREEN OPEN ACCESS: Self-archiving, also known as green open access, refers to the practice of depositing articles in an open access repository, this can be an institutional or a disciplinary repository such as arXiv. Green open access journal publishers endorse immediate open access self-archiving by their authors.
2/ GOLD OPEN ACCESS: makes the final version of the article freely and permanently accessible for everyone, immediately after publication. Copyright for the article is retained by the authors and most of the permission barriers are removed. Gold OA articles can be published either in fully OA journals (where all the content is published OA) or hybrid journals (a subscription-based journal that offers an OA option which authors can chose if they wish).
Learn More on OPEN ACCESS: